Healthy People 2030 Questions & Answers

What is Healthy People 2030?

Healthy People 2030 is the nation's 10-year plan for addressing our most critical public health priorities and challenges. In 1980, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) released the first set of Healthy People 10-year objectives. Healthy People 2030 is the fifth iteration of the Healthy People initiative. Healthy People helps health professionals — and others committed to improving health and well-being — address public health priorities. Healthy People 2030 includes hundreds of measurable objectives with ambitious but achievable national targets. Objectives are associated with a variety of resources that individuals, organizations, and communities across the United States can use to help achieve these targets.

How was Healthy People 2030 developed?

Healthy People 2030 was created with the successes and lessons learned from previous iterations of Healthy People in mind. Stakeholders from several sectors and disciplines contributed to the development of new objectives and provided input to create a framework for Healthy People. This framework outlines the vision, mission, foundational principles, plan of action, and overarching goals of the current initiative. Check out the Healthy People 2030 framework.

Who developed Healthy People 2030?

The HHS Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion led the development of Healthy People 2030. The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides data to support the initiative.

The Secretary’s Advisory Committee on National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives for 2030, a group of nationally and internationally recognized nonfederal subject matter experts, provided recommendations on the framework, objective and data selection criteria, and more. Learn more about the Secretary’s Advisory Committee.

The Healthy People Federal Interagency Workgroup (FIW) — along with individual workgroups of federal subject matter experts representing more than 20 federal agencies — developed the Healthy People 2030 objectives and will help review data and resources associated with the objectives throughout the decade. Learn about the Healthy People 2030 workgroups.

Stakeholders, organizations, and members of the public contributed throughout the development process for Healthy People 2030 through public comments.

How can I use Healthy People 2030 in my work?

Healthy People 2030 has many different kinds of resources that can support your work. Check out our How to Use Healthy People 2030 graphic to get tips your community, state, or organization can use to improve health and well-being — and reach national public health goals. You can also use our promotional toolkit to help spread the word about Healthy People 2030 to your networks.

How do I find Healthy People 2030 objectives and data related to my interests?

Use Healthy People 2030’s search tool to easily find information relevant to your work. You can filter information based on your interests to find topics, objectives with baseline data and targets, and evidence-based resources that you can start using right away to tackle key public health issues in your community. And additional data and resources are coming soon — check out our timeline for more information.

In addition, you can use our new Custom List tool to build a list of objectives that are relevant to your work — and track them over the decade.

What are the different types of Healthy People 2030 objectives?

Healthy People 2030 includes 3 types of objectives:

  • 355 core, or measurable, objectives, which are associated with targets for the decade and evidence-based resources and have valid, reliable, nationally representative data
  • 114 developmental objectives, which are associated with evidence-based interventions but don’t yet have reliable baseline data
  • 40 research objectives, which aren’t associated with evidence-based interventions

Some developmental and research objectives may evolve throughout the decade to become core objectives. Learn more about the Healthy People 2030 objectives.

How do Healthy People 2030 objectives compare to the objectives from 2020?

In response to stakeholder feedback and user surveys, we reduced the total number of measurable objectives from over 1,000 for Healthy People 2020 to 355 for Healthy People 2030. Objectives were chosen using rigorous selection criteria developed by the Secretary’s Advisory Committee and made available for public comment. As a result, the objectives focus on the country’s highest-priority public health issues, avoid overlap, and use higher data standards than previous decades.

On the Healthy People 2030 website, the objectives are organized into more intuitive topics — and we developed a tool to help you understand how objectives have evolved since the last iteration of Healthy People. Use this tool to see which Healthy People 2020 objectives have been modified, removed, or retained for Healthy People 2030.

What else has changed since Healthy People 2020?

A new decade means new opportunities to improve health and well-being across the nation. This decade, Healthy People 2030 features a smaller set of objectives with:

  • More rigorous data standards
  • New objectives related to e-cigarettes, flavored tobacco use in adolescents, and opioid use disorder
  • Resources for adapting Healthy People to emerging health issues like COVID-19

For the first time, Healthy People 2030 also sets 10-year targets for objectives related to social determinants of health. And we’ve updated our health literacy definition for the first time in 20 years to emphasize how both individuals and organizations can help improve health literacy.

In addition, we have an improved website, with an application programming interface (API) to support faster data deployment, a tool for building custom lists of objectives, a more sophisticated search tool, and more intuitive navigation.

How does Healthy People 2030 address social determinants of health?

We brought national attention to social determinants of health (SDOH) when we incorporated them into our Healthy People 2020 prevention framework. Since then, the impact of social determinants has become even more clear — the fact is, your ZIP code can influence your health even more than your genetic code. That’s why Healthy People 2030 continues to focus on SDOH.

More than a dozen workgroups of subject matter experts with diverse backgrounds worked to develop a range of Healthy People 2030 objectives related to SDOH. For the first time in the initiative’s history, the Healthy People 2030 SDOH objectives also have 10-year targets. (In Healthy People 2020, the SDOH objectives were informational, meaning there was no set target.)

In addition to objectives, the Healthy People definition for SDOH was adopted in early 2020 as the official HHS definition, meaning that all HHS agencies will approach SDOH using our framework. Healthy People SDOH literature summaries provide a snapshot of the latest research on SDOH. Learn more about our focus on SDOH.

Are there any additional features coming in the future?

Yes! More tools and resources — like disparities data and state-based resources — will be released throughout the decade. Later this year, we plan to release Healthy People 2030 features that are similar to the Healthy People 2020 Leading Health Indicators and Foundation Health Measures. Check out our timeline to see when you can expect them. And be sure to visit the Healthy People 2020 website to find data from the last decade of Healthy People. Please stay tuned for updates and additions to Healthy People 2030!