Healthy People 2030 Framework

Watch the Healthy People 2030 framework video to learn about 5 key areas to address in your work in support of the Healthy People 2030 vision.

What is the Healthy People 2030 Framework?

The framework encompasses the central ideas and function of Healthy People 2030. The purpose of the framework is to:

  • Provide context and rationale for Healthy People 2030’s approach
  • Communicate the principles that underlie decisions about the initiative
  • Situate the 2030 initiative in Healthy People’s history

In addition to the Healthy People 2030 vision and mission, the framework includes:

  • Foundational principles
  • Overarching goals
  • Plan of action
  • History and context

The framework was based on recommendations made by the Secretary's Advisory Committee on National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives for 2030.

Learn how Healthy People 2030 and the framework were developed.


A society in which all people can achieve their full potential for health and well-being across the lifespan.


To promote, strengthen, and evaluate the nation’s efforts to improve the health and well-being of all people.

Foundational Principles

The following foundational principles guide decisions about Healthy People 2030:

  • The health and well-being of all people and communities is essential to a thriving, equitable society.
  • Promoting health and well-being and preventing disease are linked efforts that encompass physical, mental, and social health dimensions.
  • Investing to achieve the full potential for health and well-being for all provides valuable benefits to society.
  • Achieving health and well-being requires eliminating health disparities, achieving health equity, and attaining health literacy.
  • Healthy physical, social, and economic environments strengthen the potential to achieve health and well-being.
  • Promoting and achieving health and well-being nationwide is a shared responsibility that is distributed across the national, state, tribal, and community levels, including the public, private, and not-for-profit sectors.
  • Working to attain the full potential for health and well-being of the population is a component of decision-making and policy formulation across all sectors.

Overarching Goals

Achieving these broad and ambitious goals requires setting, working toward, and achieving a wide variety of much more specific goals. Healthy People 2030’s overarching goals are to:

  • Attain healthy, thriving lives and well-being free of preventable disease, disability, injury, and premature death.
  • Eliminate health disparities, achieve health equity, and attain health literacy to improve the health and well-being of all.
  • Create social, physical, and economic environments that promote attaining the full potential for health and well-being for all.
  • Promote healthy development, healthy behaviors, and well-being across all life stages.
  • Engage leadership, key constituents, and the public across multiple sectors to take action and design policies that improve the health and well-being of all.

Plan of Action

It’s important to provide information and tools to help communities, states, and organizations use Healthy People. The Healthy People 2030 plan of action is to:

  • Set national goals and measurable objectives to guide evidence-based policies, programs, and other actions to improve health and well-being.
  • Provide accurate, timely, and accessible data that can drive targeted actions to address regions and populations that have poor health or are at high risk for poor health.
  • Foster impact through public and private efforts to improve health and well-being for people of all ages and the communities in which they live.
  • Provide tools for the public, programs, policymakers, and others to evaluate progress toward improving health and well-being.
  • Share and support the implementation of evidence-based programs and policies that are replicable, scalable, and sustainable.
  • Report biennially on progress throughout the decade from 2020 to 2030.
  • Stimulate research and innovation toward meeting Healthy People 2030 goals and highlight critical research, data, and evaluation needs.
  • Facilitate the development and availability of affordable means of health promotion, disease prevention, and treatment.

History and Context

The Healthy People initiative began in 1979 when Surgeon General Julius Richmond issued a landmark report titled “Healthy People: The Surgeon General’s Report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention.” Healthy People 2030 is the fifth iteration of the initiative. It builds on knowledge gained and lessons learned to address the latest public health priorities.

Learn more about Healthy People's history and impact.