Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee
Appendix E-2.20: High Blood Pressure (Hypertension), NHANES 2009-20121,2, Adults 18 y and over, age adjusted
|Group||Sample Size||Hypertension3 (%)||Standard Error|
|18 y and over, all||11422||29.1||0.6|
|Body Mass index5 (BMI) 18.5-24.9 kg/m2||3300||20||1.1|
|Body Mass index5 (BMI) 25-29.9 kg/m2||3666||26.4||0.8|
|Body Mass index5 (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2||4105||39.2||0.8|
|Waist Circumference Men ≤102 cm, Women ≤ 88 cm||5025||21.2||0.9|
|Waist Circumference Men >102 cm, Women >88cm||5824||34.6||0.6|
|Men, Non-Hispanic white4||2438||28.9||1.1|
|Men, Non-Hispanic black4||1260||40.5||1.1|
|Women, Non-Hispanic white4||2403||26.8||0.8|
|Women, Non-Hispanic black4||1286||42.1||1.3|
|BMI5 Men, 18.5-24.9 kg/m2||1621||20.1||1.2|
|BMI5 Men, 25-29.9 kg/m2||2067||28.1||1.3|
|BMI5 Men, ≥30 kg/m2||1860||39.1||1.2|
|BMI5 Women, 18.5-24.9 kg/m2||1679||19.9||1.3|
|BMI5 Women, 25-29.9 kg/m2||1599||24.3||1|
|BMI5 Women, ≥30 kg/m2||2245||39.2||1|
|Waist circumference Men ≤102 cm||3203||23.3||1|
|Waist circumference Men >102 cm||2244||37.2||1|
|Waist circumference Women ≤88 cm||1822||17.8||1.3|
|Waist circumference Women >88cm||3580||32.9||0.7|
1 Estimates age-adjusted to the year 2000 standard population using 3 age groups: 20–39 yrs, 40–59 yrs, and 60 yrs+, and weighted.
2 All pregnant women excluded from analysis.
3 Hypertension is defined as having measured systolic pressure of at least 140 mm Hg or diastolic pressure of at least 90 mm Hg and/or taking antihypertensive medication. Estimates are based on the average of up to 3 measurements.
4 Participants with a race-Hispanic origin categorized as “other” are included in overall estimates but are not separately reported.
5 Body mass index (BMI) was calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared, rounded to one decimal place. Participants with BM <18.5 are included in overall estimates but are not separately reported.
DATA SOURCE: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2012.
Prepared by the Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.