Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

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Appendix E-3.7.A2. USDA Food Patterns: Healthy Mediterranean-Style Patterns—recommended intake amounts

Calorie Level of Patterna 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000 2,200 2,400 2,600 2,800 3,000 3,200
Food Group Daily Amountb of Food From Each Group (vegetable and protein foods subgroup amounts are per week)
Fruits 1 c 1 c 1½ c 1½ c 2 c 2½ c 2½ c 2½ c 2½ c 3 c 3 c 3 c
Vegetables 1 c 1½ c 1½ c 2 c 2½ c 2½ c 3 c 3 c 3½ c 3½ c 4 c 4 c
Dark green veg (c/wk) ½ 1 1 2 2
Red/Orange veg (c/wk) 3 3 4 6 6 7 7
Beans and peas (c/wk) ½ ½ ½ 1 2 2 3 3
Starchy veg (c/wk) 2 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8
Other veg (c/wk) 4 4 5 5 7 7
Grains 3 oz eq 4 oz eq 5 oz eq 5 oz eq 6 oz eq 6 oz eq 7 oz eq 8 oz eq 9 oz eq 10 oz eq 10 oz eq 10 oz eq
Whole grains 1½ oz eq 2 oz eq 2½ oz eq 3 oz eq 3 oz eq 3 oz eq 3½ oz eq 4 oz eq 4½ oz eq 5 oz eq 5 oz eq 5 oz eq
Other grains 1½ oz eq 2 oz eq 2½ oz eq 2 oz eq 3 oz eq 3 oz eq 3½ oz eq 4 oz eq 4½ oz eq 5 oz eq 5 oz eq 5 oz eq
Protein Foods 2 oz eq 3 oz eq 4 oz eq 5½ oz eq 6 oz eq 6½ oz eq 7 oz eq 7½ oz eq 7½ oz eq 8 oz eq 8 oz eq 8 oz eq
Meat, poultry, eggs (oz eq/wk) 10 14 19 23 23 26 28 31 31 33 33 33
Seafood (oz eq/wk) 4 4 6 11 15 15 16 16 17 17 17 17
Nuts seeds, soy (oz eq/wk) 2 2 3 4 4 5 5 5 5 6 6 6
Dairy 2 c 2½ c 2½ c 2 c 2 c 2 c 2 c 2 c 2½ c 2½ c 2½ c 2½ c
Oils (g) 15 17 17 22 24 27 29 31 34 36 44 51
Limits for solid fats and added sugars
Solid fats (g) 9 7 7 12 11 17 18 20 22 23 28 37
Added Sugars (g) 16 12 12 21 18 29 31 34 37 40 48 64

aFood intake patterns at 1000, 1200, and 1400 calories are designed to meet the nutritional needs of 2- to 8-year-old children. Patterns from 1600 to 3200 calories are designed to meet the nutritional needs of children 9 and older and adults. If a child 4 to 8 years of age needs more calories and, therefore, is following a pattern at 1600 calories or more, his recommended amount from the milk group should be 2.5 cups per day. Children 9 and older and adults should not use the 1000, 1200, or 1400 calorie patterns.

bFood group amounts shown in cup (c) or ounce equivalents (oz eq). Oils, solid fats, and added sugars are shown in grams (g).

Quantity equivalents for each food group are:

  • Grains, 1 ounce equivalent is: ½ cup cooked rice, pasta, or cooked cereal; 1 ounce dry pasta or rice; 1 slice bread; 1 cup RTE cereal flakes.
  • Fruits and vegetables, 1 cup equivalent is: 1 cup raw or cooked fruit or vegetable, 1 cup fruit or vegetable juice, 2 cups leafy salad greens.
  • Protein Foods, 1 ounce equivalent is: 1 ounce lean meat, poultry, or seafood; 1 egg; ¼ cup cooked beans or tofu; 1 Tbsp peanut butter; ½ ounce nuts/seeds.
  • Dairy, 1 cup equivalent is: 1 cup milk or yogurt, 1½ ounces natural cheese such as Cheddar cheese or 2 ounces of processed cheese.