About the National Data
Data Sources: Bridged-race Population Estimates, CDC/NCHS and Census; National Electronic Injury Surveillance System - Cooperative Adverse Drug Event Surveillance Project (NEISS-CADES), CDC, CPSC, and FDA
Baseline: 25.6 estimated emergency department visits for medication overdoses per 10,000 children under 5 years occurred in 2016-17
Target: 16.6 per 10,000
Minimal statistical significance
Annual national estimates of Emergency Department (ED) visits for medication overdoses among children <5 years of age are calculated using NEISS-CADES. Population rates of ED visits are calculated using the U.S. Census. To calculate the numerator: Overdoses include ED visits due to administration of greater amounts of medication than recommended by a caregiver or ingestion of a known or unknown amount of medication by a young child by himself or herself without caregiver supervision. CENSUS NOTE FOR MULTIPLE DATA YEARS: Population denominators for emergency department visit rates are calculated based on sums of the bridged-race estimates of the U.S. resident populations for each of the data years involved (e.g., the denominator of a rate for 2016-2017 combined is the sum of the population estimates for 2016 and 2017). For census years (e.g. 2016), population counts enumerated as of July 1 are used. Intercensal population estimates are used in rate calculations for the years between censuses (e.g. the 2000-2009 intercensal estimates are based on the 2000 and 2010 censuses).