Goal: Reduce sexually transmitted infections and their complications and improve access to quality STI care.

Although many sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are preventable, there are more than 20 million estimated new cases in the United States each year — and rates are increasing.1 In addition, more than 1.2 million people in the United States are living with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus).2 Healthy People 2030 focuses on preventing and treating STIs, including HIV, and on improving the health and well-being of people who have them.

Adolescents, young adults, and men who have sex with men are at higher risk of getting STIs. And people who have an STI may be at higher risk of getting HIV. Promoting behaviors like condom use can help prevent STIs.

Strategies to increase screening and testing for STIs can assess people’s risk of getting an STI and help people with STIs get treatment, improving their health and making it less likely that STIs will spread to others. Getting treated for an STI other than HIV can help prevent complications from the STI but doesn’t prevent HIV from spreading.3

Objective Status

  • 22 Baseline only
  • 0 Developmental
  • 0 Research

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References

1.

Satterwhite, C.L., et al. (2013). Sexually Transmitted Infection Among U.S. Women and Men: Prevalence and Incidence Estimates, 2008. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 40(3), 187-193. DOI: 10.1097/OLQ.0b013e318286bb53

2.

Harris, N.S., et al. (2019). Vital Signs: Status of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing, Viral Suppression, and HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis — United States, 2013–2018. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 68(48), 1117-1123. DOI: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6848e1

3.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019). STDs and HIV — CDC Fact Sheet. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/std/hiv/stdfact-std-hiv.htm