Status: Little or no detectable change

Little or no detectable change

Most Recent Data:
94.4 percent (2018-19)

95.3 percent

Desired Direction:
Increase desired

93.0 percent of pregnant females aged 15 to 44 years reported abstaining from illicit drugs in the past 30 days in 2017-18

Increase abstinence from illicit drugs among pregnant women

Target-Setting Method
Percentage point improvement


Using drugs like marijuana, cocaine, or heroin during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage, preterm birth, and low birth weight. It can also cause withdrawal symptoms in infants after birth. In addition, substance use disorders have been linked to maternal deaths. Screening pregnant women for drug use and referring them to treatment when needed can help women avoid using drugs during pregnancy.