About the National Data
Data Source: Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), DOT/NHTSA
Baseline: 46.8 percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths with known restraint status were unrestrained in 2017
Target: 41.9 percent
Percentage point improvement
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) defines an occupant as any person who is in or upon a motor vehicle in transport. This includes the driver, passengers, and persons riding on the exterior of a motor vehicle. Passenger vehicles are defined as motor vehicles weighing less than 10,000 pounds and include passenger cars and light trucks (SUVs, pickup trucks, vans, and other light trucks). A crash is defined as an event that produces injury and/or property damage, involves a motor vehicle in transport, and occurs on a trafficway or while the vehicle is still in motion after running off the trafficway (any road, street, or highway open to the public as a matter of right or custom for moving persons or property from one place to another). FARS data are obtained solely from a State's existing documents, including police crash reports, death certificates (coded to ICD-10 V30–V39 [.4–.9], V40–V49 [.4–.9], V50–V59 [.4–.9], V60–V69 [.4–.9], V70–V79 [.4–.9], V81.1, V82.1, V83–V86 [.0–.3], V20–V28 [.3–.9]. V29 [.4–.9], V12–V14 [.3–.9], V19 [.4–.6], V02–V04 [.1, .9], V09.2, V80 [.3–.5], V87 [.0–.8], V89.2), vehicle registration files, and hospital medical reports.
1. Effect size h=0.1 was chosen to correspond with 10% improvement from a baseline of 50%.