Reduce overdose deaths involving heroin — IVP‑23 Data Methodology and Measurement

About the National Data


Baseline: 4.7 deaths per 100,000 population were caused by an overdose involving heroin in 2018

Target: 4.2 per 100,000

Number of overdose deaths involving heroin (ICD-10 code: T40.1 in any field of the multiple cause of death file) among deaths with an underlying external cause-of-injury (ICD-10 codes: X40–X44, X60–X64, X85, Y10–Y14).
Number of persons.
Target-setting method
Percent improvement
Target-setting method details
10 percent improvement from the baseline.
Target-setting method justification
Trend data were evaluated for this objective, but it was not possible to project a target because the trend was moving away from the desired direction. A 10 percent improvement from the baseline was used to calculate a target. This method was used because it was a statistically significant improvement from the baseline. In addition, interventions such as overdose education and naloxone distribution are promising strategies to address this issue and help reduce opioid-related deaths.


Methodology notes

Deaths are classified using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD–10). Drug overdose deaths are identified using underlying cause-of-death codes X40–X44, X60–X64, X85, and Y10–Y14. The numerator will include drug overdose deaths that have heroin (T40.1) as a contributing cause using the multiple cause of death file.