About the National Data
Data Source: Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set, CDC/NCHS
Baseline: 5.8 infant deaths per 1,000 live births occurred within the first year of life in 2017
Target: 5.0 per 1,000
To create linked data files, death certificates are linked with corresponding birth certificates for infants who die in the U.S. before their first birthday. The linked file is used for calculating infant mortality rates by mother's race and ethnicity because these variables are more accurately collected on the birth certificate than the death certificate.
1. Because Healthy People 2030 objectives have a desired direction (e.g., increase or decrease), the confidence level of a one-sided prediction interval can be used as an indication of how likely a target will be to achieve based on the historical data and fitted trend.