Increase employment in working-age people — SDOH‑02 Data Methodology and Measurement

This objective is a Leading Health Indicator (LHI). Learn about LHIs.

About the National Data


Baseline: 70.6 percent of the working-age population aged 16 to 64 years were employed in 2018

Target: 75.0 percent

Number of persons aged 16 to 64 in the civilian noninstitutionalized population who are employed.
Number of persons aged 16 to 64 years in the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
Target-setting method

Percentage point improvement

Target-setting method details
Percentage point improvement from the baseline using Cohen's h effect size of 0.10.
Target-setting method justification
Trend data were not available for this objective. A percentage point improvement was calculated using Cohen's h effect size of 0.1. This method was used because it was a meaningful improvement from the baseline. Increasing employment facilitates better health outcomes and a smaller effect size may reflect substantial improvements.


Methodology notes

Employment-population ratio: The employment-population ratio represents the number of employed people as a percentage of the civilian noninstitutional population. In other words, it is the percentage of the population that is currently working.

The employment-population ratio is calculated as: (Employed ÷ Civilian Noninstitutional Population) x 100.


Comparable HP2020 objective
Modified, which includes core objectives that are continuing from Healthy People 2020 but underwent a change in measurement.
Changes between HP2020 and HP2030
This objective differs from Healthy People 2020 objective DH-16 in that the objective DH-16 tracked employment among persons with disabilities while this objective tracks employment among working-age persons.

1. Effect size h=0.1 was chosen to correspond with 10% improvement from a baseline of 50%.