About the National Data
Baseline: 0.7 percent of persons aged 12 years and over reported an opioid use disorder (heroin or prescription pain reliever) in the past 12 months in 2018
Target: 0.5 percent
Minimal statistical significance
The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV) described two distinct disorders—opioid abuse and opioid dependence—with specific criteria for each. The fifth edition, DSM-5, integrates the two DSM-IV disorders into a single disorder called opioid use disorder, or OUD. Opioids include two categories of drugs: heroin and opioid prescription pain relievers. NSDUH collects dependence and abuse information for these two categories of drugs. A respondent was classified as having an opioid use disorder if he or she met DSM-IV criteria for heroin use disorder or pain reliever use disorder in the past 12 months.