About this resource:

Systematic Review

Source: The Guide to Community Preventive Services

Last Reviewed: July 2014

Workgroups: Diabetes Workgroup

The Community Preventive Services Task Force (CPSTF) recommends combined diet and physical activity promotion programs for people at increased risk of type 2 diabetes to reduce new-onset diabetes. CPSTF found that these programs increase the likelihood of reverting to normal blood sugar and improve diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk factors¬ — and that higher-intensity programs lead to greater weight loss and reduction in diabetes. Programs commonly include: 

  • A weight loss goal
  • Individual or group sessions (or both) about diet and exercise
  • Meetings with a trained diet or exercise counselor (or both)
  • Individually tailored diet or exercise plans (or both) 

Economic evidence indicates that the programs are cost-effective.

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Suggested Citation


Guide to Community Preventive Services. (2014). Diabetes: Combined Diet and Physical Activity Promotion Programs to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes Among People at Increased Risk. Retrieved from https://www.thecommunityguide.org/findings/diabetes-combined-diet-and-physical-activity-promotion-programs-prevent-type-2-diabetes