Years Available
1990 to present
Mode of Collection
States submit case-level data by constructing an electronic file of child-specific records for each report of alleged child abuse and neglect that received a CPS response. The Agency File contains data that are not reportable at the child-specific level and are often gathered from agencies external to CPS. States are asked to submit both the Child File and the Agency File each year.
The National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) is a voluntary data collection system that gathers information from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico about reports of child abuse and neglect. NCANDS was established in response to a Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act amendment in 1988. The data are used to examine trends in child abuse and neglect across the country. Key findings are published in Administration for Children and Families' (ACF) Child Welfare Outcomes Reports to Congress and annual Child Maltreatment reports.
Population Covered
Victims of maltreatment age birth to 17 in the 50 states and District of Columbia.