Census and USDA/ERS
Years Available
1995 to present
Mode of Collection
Multi-stage sample survey: household-based, one person responding for all household members.
Since 1995, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has collected information annually on food access and adequacy, food spending, and sources of food assistance for the U.S. population. The information is collected in an annual food security survey, conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau as a supplement to the nationally representative Current Population Survey (CPS-FSS). A major impetus for this data collection is to provide information about the prevalence and severity of food insecurity in U.S. households.
Population Covered
The U.S. civilian, noninstitutionalized population.