Years Available
2002 to present
Mode of Collection
Abstraction of school records to assess adherence to State vaccination requirements and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommended vaccinations among kindergarten children.
The Annual School Assessment Program is the only currently available source of vaccination coverage data among students attending kindergarten in the United States. These data are used to monitor compliance with school vaccination laws and to identify areas vulnerable to outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases due to increasing exemptions or other reasons for non-vaccination. Federally funded immunization programs partner with departments of education, school nurses, and other school personnel to assess vaccination coverage and exemption status of children enrolled in public and private kindergartens. In accordance with state and local school entry requirements, parents and guardians submit their children's vaccination records or exemption forms to schools, or schools obtain kindergarteners' records from their states' immunization information systems. Schools report vaccination coverage and exemption data to local or state health departments; state immunization programs report aggregated vaccination coverage and exemption data to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). CDC and the states use the data for national, state, and local assessment and follow-up.
Population Covered
Children enrolled in kindergarten.