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Appendix 7. Nutritional Goals for Age-Sex Groups Based on Dietary Reference Intakes and Dietary Guidelines Recommendations

Table A7-1. Daily Nutritional Goals for Age-Sex Groups Based on Dietary Reference Intakes and Dietary Guidelines Recommendations

Source
of goal a
Child
1-3
Female
4-8
Male
4-8
Female
9-13
Male
9-13
Female
14-18
Male
14-18
Female
19-30
Male
19-30
Female
31-50
Male
31-50
Female
51+
Male
51+
Calorie level(s) assessed 1,000 1,200 1,400,
1,600
1,600 1,800 1,800 2,200,
2,800,
3,200
2,000 2,400,
2,600,
3,000
1,800 2,200 1,600 2,000
Macronutrients
Protein, g RDA 13 19 19 34 34 46 52 46 56 46 56 46 56
Protein, % kcal AMDR 5-20 10-30 10-30 10-30 10-30 10-30 10-30 10-35 10-35 10-35 10-35 10-35 10-35
Carbohydrate, g RDA 130 130 130 130 130 130 130 130 130 130 130 130 130
Carbohydrate, % kcal AMDR 45-65 45-65 45-65 45-65 45-65 45-65 45-65 45-65 45-65 45-65 45-65 45-65 45-65
Dietary Fiber, g 14g/
1,000 kcal
14 16.8 19.6 22.4 25.2 25.2 30.8 28 33.6 25.2 30.8 22.4 28
Added sugars, % kcal DGA <10% <10% <10% <10% <10% <10% <10% <10% <10% <10% <10% <10% <10%
Total fat, % kcal AMDR 30-40 25-35 25-35 25-35 25-35 25-35 25-35 20-35 20-35 20-35 20-35 20-35 20-35
Saturated fat, % kcal DGA <10% <10% <10% <10% <10% <10% <10% <10% <10% <10% <10% <10% <10%
Linoleic acid, g AI 7 10 10 10 12 11 16 12 17 12 17 11 14
Linolenic acid, g AI 0.7 0.9 0.9 1 1.2 1.1 1.6 1.1 1.6 1.1 1.6 1.1 1.6
Minerals
Calcium, mg RDA 700 1,000 1,000 1,300 1,300 1,300 1,300 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,200 1,000b
Iron, mg RDA 7 10 10 8 8 15 11 18 8 18 8 8 8
Magnesium, mg RDA 80 130 130 240 240 360 410 310 400 320 420 320 420
Phosphorus, mg RDA 460 500 500 1,250 1,250 1,250 1,250 700 700 700 700 700 700
Potassium, mg AI 3,000 3,800 3,800 4,500 4,500 4,700 4,700 4,700 4,700 4,700 4,700 4,700 4,700
Sodium, mg UL 1,500 1,900 1,900 2,200 2,200 2,300 2,300 2,300 2,300 2,300 2,300 2,300 2,300
Zinc, mg RDA 3 5 5 8 8 9 11 8 11 8 11 8 11
Copper, mcg RDA 340 440 440 700 700 890 890 900 900 900 900 900 900
Manganese, mg AI 1.2 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.9 1.6 2.2 1.8 2.3 1.8 2.3 1.8 2.3
Selenium, mcg RDA 20 30 30 40 40 55 55 55 55 55 55 55 55
Vitamins
Vitamin A, mg RAE RDA 300 400 400 600 600 700 900 700 900 700 900 700 900
Vitamin E, mg AT RDA 6 7 7 11 11 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
Vitamin D, IU RDA 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600c 600c
Vitamin C, mg RDA 15 25 25 45 45 65 75 75 90 75 90 75 90
Thiamin, mg RDA 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.9 1 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2
Riboflavin, mg RDA 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.9 1 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.3
Niacin, mg RDA 6 8 8 12 12 14 16 14 16 14 16 14 16
Vitamin B6, mg RDA 0.5 0.6 0.6 1 1 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.7
Vitamin B12, mcg RDA 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.8 1.8 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Choline, mg AI 200 250 250 375 375 400 550 425 550 425 550 425 550
Vitamin K, mcg AI 30 55 55 60 60 75 75 90 120 90 120 90 120
Folate, mcg DFE RDA 150 200 200 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400

a RDA = Recommended Dietary Allowance, AI = Adequate Intake, UL = Tolerable Upper Intake Level, AMDR = Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range, DGA = 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines recommended limit; 14 g fiber per 1,000 kcal = basis for AI for fiber.

b Calcium RDA for males ages 71+ years is 1,200 mg.

c Vitamin D RDA for males and females ages 71+ years is 800 IU.

Notes

Source: Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes: The essential guide to nutrient requirements. Washington (DC): The National Academies Press; 2006.

Source: Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D. Washington (DC): The National Academies Press; 2010.