Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report
Part G. Section 9: Youth

Table G9.A1. Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Cross-Sectional Studies

Reference Subjects Results
Cooper et al.,1998 (1) N=919, 51% F, 9 and 15 years Children who transported to school actively had higher CRF than peers who did not
Rowlands et al., 1999 (2) N=34, 50%, 9.5 years PA positively associated with CRF
Chan et al., 2003 (3) N=201, 61% F, 13.8 years, 100% Asian PA positively associated with CRF
Klentrou et al., 2003 (4) N=256, 51% F, 14.3±0.3 years M: High Active Group more fit than Moderately Active Group; F: no association
Ara et al., 2004 (5) N=114, 0% F, 9.4±1.5 years PA Group had greater CRF than Non-PA Group
Brage et al., 2004 (6) N=384, 47% F, 8-10 years PA positively associated with CRF
Ruiz et al., 2006 (7) N=780, 51% F, 9-10 years PA positively associated with CRF
Dencker et al., 2006 (8) N=228, 44%F, 8-11 years PA positively associated with CRF
Dollman & Ridley, 2006 (9) N=843, 48% F, 10-11 years PA positively associated with CRF
Hussey et al., 2007 (10) N=152, 66% F, 7-10 years PA positively associated with CRF

CRF, cardiorespiratory fitness; F, female; M, male; N, number; PA, physical activity

Reference List

  1. Cooper AR, Wedderkopp N, Wang H, Andersen LB, Froberg K, Page AS. Active travel to school and cardiovascular fitness in Danish children and adolescents. Med.Sci.Sports Exerc. 2006 Oct;38(10):1724-31.
  2. Rowlands AV, Eston RG, Ingledew DK. Relationship between activity levels, aerobic fitness, and body fat in 8- to 10-yr-old children. J.Appl.Physiol 1999 Apr;86(4):1428-35.
  3. Chan EW, Au EY, Chan BH, Kwan MK, Yiu PY, Yeung EW. Relations among physical activity, physical fitness, and self-perceived fitness in Hong Kong adolescents. Percept.Mot.Skills 2003 Jun;96(3 Pt 1):787-97.
  4. Klentrou P, Hay J, Plyley M. Habitual physical activity levels and health outcomes of Ontario youth. Eur.J.Appl.Physiol 2003 Jun;89(5):460-5.
  5. Ara I, Vicente-Rodriguez G, Jimenez-Ramirez J, Dorado C, Serrano-Sanchez JA, Calbet JA. Regular participation in sports is associated with enhanced physical fitness and lower fat mass in prepubertal boys. Int.J.Obes.Relat Metab Disord. 2004 Dec;28(12):1585-93.
  6. Brage S, Wedderkopp N, Ekelund U, Franks PW, Wareham NJ, Andersen LB, Froberg K. Features of the metabolic syndrome are associated with objectively measured physical activity and fitness in Danish children: the European Youth Heart Study (EYHS). Diabetes Care 2004 Sep;27(9):2141-8.
  7. Ruiz JR, Rizzo NS, Hurtig-Wennlof A, Ortega FB, Warnberg J, Sjostrom M. Relations of total physical activity and intensity to fitness and fatness in children: the European Youth Heart Study. Am.J.Clin.Nutr. 2006 Aug;84(2):299-303.
  8. Dencker M, Thorsson O, Karlsson MK, linden C, Svensson J, Wollmer P, Andersen LB. Daily physical activity and its relation to aerobic fitness in children aged 8-11 years. Eur.J.Appl.Physiol 2006 Mar;96(5):587-92.
  9. Dollman J, Ridley K. Differences in body fatness, fat patterning and cardio-respiratory fitness between groups of Australian children formed on the basis of physical activity and television viewing guidelines. J.Phys.Act.Health 2006;3(2):191-9.
  10. Hussey J, Bell C, Bennett K, O'Dwyer J, Gormley J. Relationship between the intensity of physical activity, inactivity, cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition in 7-10-year-old Dublin children. Br.J.Sports Med. 2007 May;41(5):311-6.


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