About this resource:

Systematic Review

Source: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

Last Reviewed: 2015

Workgroups: Tobacco Use Workgroup

Researchers for the USPTF recommend medical treatment through the use of drugs and behavioral counseling to help adults quit using tobacco. These interventions can be used alone in combination with adults including pregnant people. Researchers found there isn’t enough data on the effectiveness and safety of electronic nicotine delivery systems to weigh benefits and against harms. 

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Suggested Citation

1.

Patnode, C.D., Henderson, J.T., Thompson, J.H., Senger, C.A., Fortmann, S.P., Whitlock, E.P. (2015). Behavioral counseling and pharmacotherapy interventions for tobacco cessation in adults, including pregnant women: a review of reviews for the U.S. Preventive Task Force. Annals of Internal Medicine 163(8), 608-621. doi: 10.7326/M15-0171