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Fats and oils are part of a healthy diet and play many important
roles in the body. Fat provides energy and is a carrier of essential
nutrients such as vitamins A, D, E, K, and carotenoids. But many older
adults have been told to decrease the amount of fat in their diets
and are confused about what to do. Fat can impact the health of your
heart and arteries in a positive or negative way, depending on how
much you eat and the types of fat you eat.
HERE'S WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Eat less saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol.
Eating too much saturated fat, the type of fat that is solid at room temperature, may increase risk of heart disease. Similarly, eating too much trans fat, which is made when liquid vegetable oil is processed to become solid or hydrogenated, also may increase risk of heart disease. And, eating too much cholesterol, a fatty substance found only in animal-based products, may clog arteries.
|Total Calorie Intake||Limit on Saturated Fat Intakea|
|1,600||18 grams or less|
|2,000||20 grams or less|
|2,200||24 grams or less|
|2,500||25 grams or less|
It is important to eat less than 10% of your calories from saturated
fat. Also, you should keep trans fats as low as possible and
eat less than 300 milligrams of cholesterol each day.
If you aim to eat 2,000 calories a day, your daily allowance of saturated fat would be less than 200 calories or 20 grams—which equals 100 percent
|Monounsaturated||Polyunsaturated Omega-6||Polyunsaturated Omega-3|
High oleic safflower
| Vegetable oils:
| Certain fish:
| Vegetable oils:
Daily Value (% DV) for saturated fat.
The table below shows the saturated fat limits for people with various calorie needs. If you have an elevated cholesterol level, you should follow your healthcare provider's advice. People with elevated cholesterol may be advised to decrease their calories from saturated fat to less than 7% of total calories and to consume less than 200 milligrams per day of cholesterol.
Be wise about fat.
Choose fats found in fish, nuts, and vegetable oils. Experts recommend getting between 20% and 35% of calories from totalfat, with most fats coming from fish, nuts, and vegetable oils. These foods can contain monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats and should be used instead of the saturated and trans fat sources in your diet. To help reduce the risk of heart disease, evidence suggests eating two servings of fish a week (about 8 ounces total).
Unhealthy fats such as saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol are found in many foods. So, look for choices that are lean, fat-free, or low-fat when selecting and preparing meat, poultry, and milk products. Trim excess fat from meat and poultry and remove the skin from poultry to reduce saturated fat. Limit foods that are processed or made with tropical oils (e.g., palm oil, palm fruit oil, palm kernel oil, coconut oil, etc.) that increase the amount of saturated fat in the food (e.g., cakes, cookies, pies, crackers, candy, creamers, etc.).
Trans fat is mostly found in food products made with shortening—liquid oil that is processed to become hard. Most of the trans fat Americans eat comes from cakes, cookies, crackers, pies, fried potatoes, household shortening, and stick margarine. Limiting consumption of many processed foods is an easy way to reduce trans fat.
Use the label—what to look for and how it adds up.
The Nutrition Facts label can help you choose fats wisely. Look at the serving size and determine how many servings you are actually eating. If you eat two servings, you will be consuming double the calories and nutrients, such as fat. You will also get double the % DV of other nutrients as well. The % DV represents one serving of the food item.
Amounts per serving
Total Fat, 12 grams (18% Daily Value*)
Saturated Fat, 3 grams
Trans Fat, 3 grams
Cholesterol, 30 milligrams (18% Daily Value)
* Percent Daily Values on the Nutrition Facts label are based on a 2,000 calorie diet.
Use the % DV on the Nutrition Facts label to identify which nutrients
(total fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol) are high or low: 5% DV
or less is low, and 20% DV or more is high. There is no % DV for trans
fat, but you should aim to keep trans fat intake as low as
Additionally, the labels on some food packages have claims that describe a specific level of fat (including total fat, saturated, or trans fat) in a food. Some examples of claims to look for are: "fat free," "low saturated fat," "no fat," or "light."
There are many ways to reduce the saturated fat in your diet.
The Saturated Fat and Calories Content table on the next page shows a few examples of the saturated fat content of different forms of foods you may eat. Comparisons are made between foods in the same food group (e.g., regular cheddar cheese and low-fat cheddar cheese)—you can choose a lower saturated fat version and eat many of the foods you enjoy.
|Food Category||Amount||Saturated Fat Content (grams)||% Daily Value*||Calories|
|Cheese||• Regular cheddar cheese||1 ounce||6.0||30%||114|
|• Low-fat cheddar cheese||1 ounce||1.2||6%||49|
|Ground beef||• Regular ground beef (25% fat)||3 ounces (cooked)||6.1||31%||236|
|• Extra lean ground beef (5% fat)||3 ounces (cooked)||2.6||13%||148|
|Milk||• Whole milk (3.5% fat)||1 cup||4.6||23%||146|
|• Low-fat (1% fat) milk||1 cup||1.5||8%||102|
|Breads||• Croissant (med)||1 medium||6.6||33%||231|
|• Bagel, oat bran (4")||1 medium||0.2||1%||227|
|Frozen desserts||• Regular ice cream||1/2 cup||4.9||25%||145|
|• Frozen yogurt, low-fat||1/2 cup||2.0||10%||110|
|Table spreads||• Butter||1 teaspoon||2.4||12%||34|
|• Soft margarine with zero trans fat||1 teaspoon||0.7||4%||25|
|Chicken||• Fried chicken (leg, with skin)||3 ounces (cooked)||3.3||17%||212|
|• Roasted chicken (breast, no skin)||3 ounces (cooked)||0.9||5%||140|
|Fish||• Fried fish||3 ounces||2.8||14%||195|
|• Baked fish||3 ounces||1.5||8%||129|