PART D: SCIENCE BASE
Figure D4-3. IOM Figure 8-4: Change in the LDL:HDL Cholesterol Concentrations With Increasing Energy Intake From Saturated and Trans Fatty Acids
This graph includes two lines that show the change in the LDL:HDL cholesterol ratio with increasing intakes of saturated and trans fatty acids. Trans fat intake ranged from 0.5 to 10 percent of energy. Saturated fat intake ranged from 4 to 10 percent of energy. The magnitude of the effect on the LDL:HDL ratio is greater for trans fatty acids compared to saturated fatty acids, at the same percentage of energy.
Solid line represents the best-fit regression for trans fatty acids. Dotted line represents the best-fit regression for saturated fatty acids.
Source: IOM (Institutes of Medicine). Dietary Reference Intakes: Energy, Carbohydrates, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2002.