Figure ES-1. 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans at a Glance

The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines focuses on the big picture with recommendations to help Americans make choices that add up to an overall healthy eating pattern. To build a healthy eating pattern, combine healthy choices from across all food groups—while paying attention to calorie limits, too.

Check out the 5 Guidelines that encourage healthy eating patterns:

Follow a healthy eating pattern across the lifespan. All food and beverage choices matter. Choose a healthy eating pattern at an appropriate calorie level to help achieve and maintain a healthy body weight, support nutrient adequacy, and reduce the risk of chronic disease.

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Follow a healthy eating pattern over time to help support a healthy body weight and reduce the risk of chronic disease.

A healthy eating pattern includes:

Fruits Vegetables Protein Dairy Grains Oils

A healthy eating pattern limits:

Saturated fats and trans fats, added sugars, and sodium

Focus on variety, nutrient density, and amount. To meet nutrient needs within calorie limits, choose a variety of nutrient-dense foods across and within all food groups in recommended amounts.

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Choose a variety of nutrient-dense foods from each food group in recommended amounts.

Example meal:

Graphic with salad and milk

Fruits Apples and grapes Vegetables Lettuce and celery Protein Chicken breast and unsalted walnuts
Dairy Fat-free milk Grains Whole-grain bread Oils Mayonnaise

Limit calories from added sugars and saturated fats and reduce sodium intake. Consume an eating pattern low in added sugars, saturated fats, and sodium. Cut back on foods and beverages higher in these components to amounts that fit within healthy eating patterns.

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Consume an eating pattern low in added sugars, saturated fats, and sodium.

Example sources of:

Graphic showing added sugars, saturated fats and sodium

Shift to healthier food and beverage choices. Choose nutrient-dense foods and beverages across and within all food groups in place of less healthy choices. Consider cultural and personal preferences to make these shifts easier to accomplish and maintain.

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Replace typical food and beverages choices with more nutrient-dense options. Be sure to consider personal preferences to maintain shifts over time.

A healthy eating pattern includes:

Meal A

Meal A

SHIFT

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Meal B

Meal B

Support healthy eating patterns for all. Everyone has a role in helping to create and support healthy eating patterns in multiple settings nationwide, from home to school to work to communities.

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Everyone has a role in helping to create and support healthy eating patterns in places where we learn, work, live, and play.

People with healthy eating habits