Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

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Appendix E-2.23: Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglycerides among adolescents ages 12-19 yrs NHANES 2009-2012

Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglycerides
Group Sample Size Triglycerides ≥130 mg/dL1
% (standard error)
LDL-C ≥130 mg/dL1,2
% (standard error)
Total 1065 10.9(1.0) 7.3(1.0)
Boys 557 13.4(1.8) 7.1(1.3)
Girls 508 8.4(2.0) 7.4(1.4)
12 to 15 y 528 9.0(1.2) 5.7(1.4)
16 to 19 y 537 13.0(1.8) 8.9(1.4)
Non-Hispanic white3 308 10.3(1.6) 7.8(1.6)
Non-Hispanic black3 273 5.8(1.4) 8.7(1.5)
Hispanic3 360 16.1(2.4) 4.4(1.3)
Body Mass Index (BMI)4 5th-84th percentile 630 6.5(1.2) 6.7(1.4)
Body Mass Index (BMI)4 85th-94th percentile 183 11.4(2.7) 8.0(2.1)
Body Mass Index (BMI)4 ≥95th percentile 201 24.1(3.4) 6.8(1.8)
Boys Non-Hispanic white 165 12.0(2.4) 7.6(2.0)
Boys Non-Hispanic black 144 8.4(2.1) 7.5(2.7)*
Boys Hispanic 181 19.4(3.4) 4.7(1.5)*
Girls Non-Hispanic white 143 8.5(3.3)* 8.0(2.2)
Girls Non-Hispanic black 129 3.3(1.2)* 9.9(2.7)
Girls Hispanic 179 12.7(2.7) 4.2(1.6)*
Weight Status Boys-5th-84th percentile 326 5.8(1.4) 6.1(2.0)*
Weight Status Boys-85th-94th percentile 89 11.6(2.9) 7.5(2.7)*
Weight Status Boys-≥95th percentile 115 38.6(5.0) 8.8(3.0)*
Weight Status Girls-5th-84th percentile 304 7.2(2.5)* 7.3(1.8)
Weight Status Girls-85th-94th percentile 94 11.2(4.4)* **
Weight Status Girls-≥95th percentile 86 7.9(2.4) 4.6(1.8)*

1 Cut-point criteria based on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents

2 LDL-C calculated using the Friedewald equation (which is valid when triglyceride <400 mg/dL)

3 Race-Hispanic origin classified as “other” not separately reported by included in overall estimates

4 Body mass index (BMI) was calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared, rounded to one decimal place. BMI percentiles based on the 2000 CDC Growth Charts. BMI classified as <5th percentile not separately reported but included in overall estimates

* Relative standard error (RSE)≥30 but < 40; ** RSE≥40

NOTE: Analyses based on age at exam and exclude pregnant adolescents

DATA SOURCE: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2012.
Prepared by the Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.