Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

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Appendix E-8: Biographical Sketches of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

Chair: Barbara Millen, DrPH, RD: Professor, Department of Family Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA (through 2009). Dr. Millen is currently the Founder and President of Millennium Prevention, Inc., a U.S.-based start-up company with a public health mission, which develops web-based platforms and mobile applications to encourage healthy preventive lifestyle behaviors for clinical settings and corporate, academic, and community wellness initiatives. Dr. Millen is a nutrition epidemiologist whose academic research career focused on dietary patterns and lifestyle determinants of health and chronic disease risk as well as evidence-based clinical and public health strategies to promote optimal nutrition and well-being in younger and older adults as well as low-income and minority populations. During her 30-year tenure at Boston University, she was the Founding Chairman of the Graduate Programs in Medical Nutrition Sciences, the Associate Dean for Research and Faculty Development of the School of Public Health, the Chairman of the Faculty Council, and Director of Nutrition Research for the internationally-renown Framingham Heart Study. She has advised research groups nationally and globally, including the World Health Organization, and served from 2008 to 2013 on the expert panels for the American Heart Association (AHA)/American College of Cardiology (ACC)/The Obesity Society (TOS) Guideline for the Management of Overweight and Obesity in Adults and the AHA/ACC Guideline on Lifestyle Management to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk.

Vice Chair: Alice H. Lichtenstein, DSc: Stanley N. Gershoff Professor of Nutrition Science and Policy, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, MA. Dr. Lichtenstein is also Director and Senior Scientist, Cardiovascular Nutrition Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging and Professor of Medicine at Tufts University School of Medicine. Dr. Lichtenstein has broad expertise in nutrition and cardiovascular disease risk reduction. She previously served as a member of the 2000 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee and as a member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Dietary Reference Intake Panel on Macronutrients. Dr. Lichtenstein recently served as the vice-chair of the IOM Committee on Examination of Front-of-Package Nutrient Rating System and Symbols, a member of the IOM Committee on the Consequences of Sodium Reduction in Populations, the vice-chair of the ACC/AHA Guideline on the Treatment of Blood Cholesterol to Reduce Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Risk in Adults expert panel, a member of the AHA/ACC Guideline on Lifestyle Management to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk expert work group, and is chair of the American Heart Association's Nutrition Committee. She is currently a member of the IOM Food and Nutrition Board.

Steven Abrams, MD: Professor of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX. Dr. Abrams also is an Adjunct Professor at the University of Texas School of Public Health and the Medical Director for the Neonatal Nutrition Program at Baylor College of Medicine. He is an expert on mineral requirements in children, including calcium, zinc, iron, magnesium, and copper. He has served on the IOM Panels on Calcium and Vitamin D and the Use of Dietary Reference Intakes in Nutrition Labeling, and on the IOM Subcommittee on Upper Safe Reference Levels of Nutrients. Dr. Abrams currently is a member of the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Nutrition and the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

Lucile Adams-Campbell, PhD: Professor of Oncology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Washington, DC. Dr. Adams-Campbell also serves as the Associate Director of Minority Health and Health Disparities Research and Associate Dean of Community Health and Outreach at Georgetown University Medical Center Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center. Dr. Adams-Campbell is an epidemiologist who specializes in community health research, interventions, and outreach and is a current member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. She has played a leading role in the Washington, DC cancer and public health communities. Her research focuses on energy balance, diet and exercise. Dr. Adams-Campbell has participated in and led several large cohort studies of African-American women, and she played a leading role in bringing the Boston University Black Women's Health Study to the District of Columbiathe largest study of African-American women.

Cheryl Anderson, PhD, MPH: Associate Professor of Preventive Medicine, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, Calif. Dr. Anderson also is an Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Epidemiology at the Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University. Her research expertise includes evaluating the role of nutritional factors in chronic disease prevention in minority and underserved populations, with emphasis on the role of dietary sodium and potassium intake in cardiovascular disease prevention. Dr. Anderson currently serves as a member of the IOM Food and Nutrition Board and has served on several other IOM committees including the 2013 IOM Committee on the Consequences of Sodium Reduction in Populations.

J. Thomas Brenna, PhD: Professor of Human Nutrition, of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, and of Food Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. Dr. Brenna also is an Adjunct Professor, Department of Public Health Sciences at the University of Rochester College of Medicine and Dentistry. He is an expert in the field of fatty acid and lipid metabolism and in food fatty acid composition. His research focuses on the role of polyunsaturated fatty acids throughout the life cycle, in particular the effect of intake during pregnancy and lactation on fetal and infant development. Dr. Brenna has served as a panelist and author for the Expert Consultancy on Fats and Fatty Acids in Human Nutrition for the Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Health Organization.

Wayne Campbell, PhD: Professor, Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. Dr. Campbell also is an Adjunct Faculty in the Department of Health and Kinesiology, Purdue University. He is the Director of the Indiana Clinical Research Center at Purdue, which is a component of the NIH-supported Indiana Clinical and Translational Science Institute at the Indiana University School of Medicine. Dr. Campbell's expertise includes determining the dietary protein requirements of old and very old adults and evaluating the effects of protein, carbohydrate, and energy intakes and exercise training on macronutrient metabolism, body composition, and muscle strength and function. In addition, his research endeavors include studying the effects of food form, portion size, and dietary patterning on appetite and weight control with a special emphasis on the aging population.

Steven Clinton, MD, PhD: John B. and Jane T. McCoy Chair of Cancer Research, The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, and Professor, Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University School of Medicine, Columbus, OH. Dr. Clinton also holds appointments in the Department of Human Nutrition in the College of Education and Human Ecology and in the Division of Environmental Health Sciences in the College of Public Health. He is a physician-scientist who has devoted his career to research in cancer etiology and prevention. Dr. Clinton's research focuses on epidemiology, clinical trials, community research, and experimental models, as well as cell and molecular systems. He has published extensively on the role of dietary energy balance and obesity in cancer risk, on a variety of foods associated with cancer prevention properties, as well as on several nutrients including vitamin D, calcium, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin E. He served on the IOM Committee on Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin D and Calcium.

Frank Hu, MD, PhD, MPH: Director, Harvard Transdisciplinary Research in Energetics and Cancer Center, Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA. Dr. Hu also serves as Director, Boston Nutrition and Obesity Research Center Epidemiology and Genetics Core, a Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology at the Harvard School of Public Health, and a Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and Channing Division of Network Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital. Dr. Hu is an epidemiologist and an expert in the areas of dietary and lifestyle determinants of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. He is the principal investigator for the diabetes component of the Nurses' Health Study. Dr. Hu has served as an academic leader in a variety of roles, including on the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Obesity Guidelines Expert Panel and the IOM Committee on Preventing the Global Epidemic of Cardiovascular Disease.

Miriam Nelson, PhD: Associate Dean, Jonathan M. Tisch College of Citizenship and Public Service, Tufts University, Boston, MA. Dr. Nelson also is a Professor in the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy. Dr. Nelson is an expert on nutrition and physical activity, with extensive research experience integrating the science of energy balance into national-scale approaches. Her work combines civic engagement, public policy, communications, and systems thinking to create change. Dr. Nelson is Founder of the Strong Women Initiative and Co-Founder of ChildObesity180 at Tufts University. Dr. Nelson served as Vice Chair of the Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee in 2008 and was a member of the 2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee.

Marian Neuhouser, PhD, RD: Full Member, Cancer Prevention Program, Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA. Dr. Neuhouser also is an Affiliate Professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Core Faculty in the Graduate Program in Nutritional Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Washington. Dr. Neuhouser is a nutritional epidemiologist with broad experience in large clinical trials, including the Women's Health Initiative and the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial, small-scale controlled dietary interventions, and large observational cohorts. She has expertise in the role of numerous dietary components in cancer risk, including carbohydrates, dietary fiber, and vitamin D. Her research focuses on methods to improve diet and physical activity assessment, diet and physical activity in relation to energy balance, diet-related health disparities, and dietary factors related to breast and prostate cancer prevention and survivorship.

Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, PhD: Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT. Dr. Pérez-Escamilla also serves as Director, Office of Public Health Practice and the Global Health Concentration at the Yale School of Public Health. He is an internationally recognized scholar in the area of community nutrition. Dr. Pérez-Escamilla has specialized experience with Hispanic and low-income Americans, as well as populations in low and middle income countries. His research program seeks to understand how best to protect, promote, and support breastfeeding, causes and consequences of food insecurity, and how to improve diabetes self-management through community health workers. Dr. Pérez-Escamilla has published numerous articles that have led to improvements in breastfeeding outcomes, iron deficiency anemia among infants, household food security measurement, and community nutrition education programs worldwide. He is past-chair of the Global Nutrition Council of the American Society for Nutrition and is a member of the IOM Food and Nutrition Board. Previously, Dr. Pérez-Escamilla served as a member of the IOM Committee to Re-examine IOM Pregnancy Weight Guidelines and was a member of the 2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee.

Anna Maria Siega-Riz, PhD, RD: Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and Professor, Departments of Epidemiology and Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC. Dr. Siega-Riz serves as the Program Leader for the Reproductive, Perinatal, and Pediatric Program in the Department of Epidemiology. Dr. Siega-Riz has focused her research on maternal nutritional status, including maternal obesity and gestational weight gain and their effect on birth outcomes as well as the determinants of early childhood obesity. She studies dietary patterns among Hispanic adults and children, in general, and served on the Scientific Advisory Panel for the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study. Dr. Siega-Riz has served on multiple committees for the IOM, examining topics from the WIC food packages to standards for systematic reviews in health care and currently serves on the advisory council of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

Mary Story, PhD, RD: Professor, Community and Family Medicine and Global Health, Duke University, Durham, NC. Before coming to Duke in January 2014 she was Senior Associate Dean for Academic and Student Affairs and Professor in the Division of Epidemiology and Community Health in the School of Public Health, University of Minnesota. Dr. Story concurrently serves as Director of the National Program Office for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Healthy Eating Research Program that supports research on environmental and policy strategies to promote healthy eating among children to prevent childhood obesity. She has conducted numerous school and community-based environmental intervention and obesity prevention studies for children, adolescents, and families. Dr. Story was elected to the IOM in 2010 and is currently a member of the IOM Food and Nutrition Board and vice co-chair of the IOM Roundtable on Obesity Solutions.

Consultant Subcommittee Members to the 2015 DGAC

Timothy S. Griffin, PhD: Director, Agriculture and Environment Program, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, MA. Dr. Griffin also is an Associate Professor at Tufts University where he serves on the Water: Systems, Science and Society faculty steering committee and is a Faculty Co-Director for the Tufts Institute for the Environment. His research expertise and interests include the intersection of agriculture and the environment, and the development and implementation of sustainable production systems. Previously he worked as a Research Agronomist and Lead Scientist with USDA-ARS New England Plant Soil and Water Lab, and as Extension Sustainable Agriculture Specialist at the University of Maine.

Michael W. Hamm, PhD: Director, Center for Regional Food Systems, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI. Dr. Hamm is also the C.S. Mott Professor of Sustainable Agriculture in the Department of Community Sustainability in the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources and has appointments in the Department of Food Science Human Nutrition and the Department of Plant, Soil and Microbial Sciences at Michigan State University. His research expertise and interests include regional and sustainable food systems and food security.

Michael G. Perri, PhD, ABPP: Dean, College of Public Health and Health Professions University of Florida; Gainesville, FL. Dr. Perri is also the Robert G. Frank Endowed Professor of Clinical and Health Psychology. His research focuses on health promotion and disease prevention through changes in diet and physical activity. His NIH-funded studies involve the translation, dissemination, and implementation of effective programs for the management of obesity in underserved rural communities. Dr. Perri has served as a member on NIH data and safety monitoring boards, including serving as chair of the recent NIH/NHLBI Data and Safety Monitoring Board for the “EARLY Weight Loss Trials.”