Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

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Appendix E-2: Supplementary Documentation to the 2015 DGAC Report

The 2015 DGAC used a variety of scientifically rigorous approaches to address its science-based questions. These approaches are described in Part C. Methodology. Slightly more than one-third of the questions were answered using a state-of-the-art systematic review process, and these reviews are publically available in the Nutrition Evidence Library (NEL) at www.NEL.gov.

The remaining questions were answered using existing sources of evidence (including systematic reviews, meta-analyses, or reports), data analyses, and food pattern modeling analyses. These three approaches allowed the Committee to ask and answer its questions in a systematic, transparent, and evidence-based way.

Appendix E-2 provides a list of supplementary documentation related to the existing sources of evidence and data analyses used by the Committee in evidence reviews (see Appendix E-3 for USDA Food Patterns for Special Analyses). These sources are publically available online through active links within this document at www.DietaryGuidelines.gov.

Chapter 1: Food and Nutrient Intakes and Health: Current Status and Trends

Nutrients of Concern

Food Categories

Eating Behaviors

Health Conditions

Dietary Patterns

Chapter 2: Dietary Patterns, Foods and Nutrients, and Health Outcomes

Dietary Patterns and Risk af Cardiovascular Disease

Appendix E-2.26

Evidence Portfolio

Dietary Patterns and Measures of Body Weight

Appendix E-2.27

Evidence Portfolio

Dietary Patterns and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

Appendix E-2.28

Evidence Portfolio

Chapter 4: Food Environment and Settings

School-Based Approaches and Dietary Intake

Appendix E-2.29a

Evidence Portfolio

Appendix E-2.29b

Search and Sort Plan

School-Based Policies and Dietary Intake

Appendix E-2.30

Evidence Portfolio

Appendix E-2.29b

Search and Sort Plan

School-Based Approaches and Weight Status

Appendix E-2.31

Evidence Portfolio

Appendix E-2.29b

Search and Sort Plan

School-Based Policies and Weight Status

Appendix E-2.32

Evidence Portfolio

Appendix E-2.29b

Search and Sort Plan

Worksite-Based Approaches and Dietary Intake

Appendix E-2.33a

Evidence Portfolio

Appendix E-2.33b

Search and Sort Plan

Worksite-Based Policies and Dietary Intake

Appendix E-2.34

Evidence Portfolio

Appendix E-2.33b

Search and Sort Plan

Worksite-Based Approaches and Weight Status

Appendix E-2.35

Evidence Portfolio

Appendix E-2.33b

Search and Sort Plan

Worksite-Based Policies and Weight Status

Appendix E-2.36

Evidence Portfolio

Appendix E-2.33b

Search and Sort Plan

Chapter 5: Food Sustainability and Safety

Dietary Patterns and Food Sustainability

Appendix E-2.37

Evidence Portfolio

Seafood and Sustainability

Appendix E-2.38

Evidence Portfolio

Usual Caffeine Consumption and Health

Appendix E-2.39a

Evidence Portfolio

High-Dose Caffeine Consumption and Health

Appendix E-2.40

Evidence Portfolio

Aspartame Consumption and Health

Appendix E-2.41

Evidence Portfolio

Chapter 6: Cross-Cutting Topics of Public Health Importance

SODIUM AND BLOOD PRESSURE IN ADULTS

Appendix E-2.42

Evidence Portfolio

Saturated Fat and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

Appendix E-2.43

Evidence Portfolio

Added Sugars and Low-Calorie Sweeteners

Chapter 7: Physical Activity

Physical Activity