Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

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Part D. Chapter 1: Food and Nutrient Intakes, and Health: Current Status and Trends—Figures - Continued

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Nutrients of Concern

Food Groups

Figure D1.35

Food Sources of Sodium

Eating Behaviors

Health Conditions

Dietary Patterns Composition

Figure D1.1 Percent of population with usual intakes below EAR

Bar graph showing the estimated percentage of the US population with nutrient intakes from food and beverages below their requirements, for nutrients having an Estimated Average Requirement (EAR).

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.2 Percent of population with usual intakes above AI

Bar graph showing the estimated percentage of the US population with nutrient intakes from food and beverages above their Adequate Intake (AI) level.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.3 Sodium: Percent of age/sex groups with usual intakes above UL

Bar graph showing the estimated percentage of the US population by age and sex, with sodium intake from food and beverages above the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL).

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.4 Saturated fat: Percent of age/sex groups with usual intake above 10% of calories

Bar graph showing the estimated percentage of the US population by age and sex, with saturated fat intake from food and beverages above 10% of calories.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.5 Supplement users: Percent with usual intakes from foods, beverages, and supplements greater than the UL

Bar graph showing the estimated percentage of the US population by age and sex, with iron, calcium, Vitamin D, folic acid intake from food, beverages, and supplements above the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL).

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.6 Caffeine: mean and percentiles of usual intake by age/sex groups-adults

Bar graph showing the mean and percentiles of usual caffeine intake by age and sex for adults.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.7 Caffeine: mean and percentiles of usual intake by age/sex groups-children and adolescents

Bar graph showing the mean and percentiles of usual caffeine intake by age and sex for children and adolescents.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.8 USDA Food Patterns: Range of nutrients in patterns as a percent of the target levels for all age/gender groups

Bar graph showing the range of nutrients in the USDA Food Patterns as a percent of the target levels, for all age/sex groups.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.9 Total Fruit: Estimated percent of persons below, at, or above recommendation

Bar graph showing the estimated percent of persons below, at, or above their total fruit recommendation.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.10 Whole fruit vs. fruit juice consumption by age/sex groups

Bar graph showing whole fruit versus 100% fruit juice consumption by age/sex groups.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.11 Total Vegetables: Estimated percent of persons below, at, or above recommendation

Bar graph showing the estimated percent of persons below, at, or above their total vegetables recommendation.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.12 Dark Green vegetables: Estimated percent of persons below, at, or above recommendation

Bar graph showing the estimated percent of persons below, at, or above dark green vegetables recommendation.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.13 Red and Orange vegetables: Estimated percent of persons below, at, or above recommendation

Bar graph showing the estimated percent of persons below, at, or above their red and orange vegetables recommendation.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.14 Beans and Peas: Estimated percent of persons below, at, or above recommendation

Bar graph showing the estimated percent of persons below, at, or above their beans and peas recommendation.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.15 Starchy vegetables: Estimated percent of persons below, at, or above recommendation

Bar graph showing the estimated percent of persons below, at, or above their starchy vegetables recommendation.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.16 Other vegetables: Estimated percent of persons below, at, or above recommendation

Bar graph showing the estimated percent of persons below, at, or above their other vegetables recommendation.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.17 Whole grains: Estimated percent of persons below, at, or above recommendation

Bar graph showing the estimated percent of persons below, at, or above their whole grains recommendation.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.18 Refined grains: Estimated percent of persons below, at, or above limits

Bar graph showing the estimated percent of persons below, at, or above their refined grains recommendation.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.19 Dairy: Estimated percent of persons below, at, or above recommendation

Bar graph showing the estimated percent of persons below, at, or above their dairy recommendation.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.20 Total Protein foods: Estimated percent of persons below, at, or above recommendation

Bar graph showing the estimated percent of persons below, at, or above their total protein foods recommendation.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.21 Meat, poultry, eggs: Estimated percent of persons below, at, or above recommendation

Bar graph showing the estimated percent of persons below, at, or above their meat, poutry, and eggs recommendation.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.22 Seafood: Estimated percent of persons below, at, or above recommendation

Bar graph showing the estimated percent of persons below, at, or above their seafood recommendation.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.23 Nuts, seeds, soy: Estimated percent of persons below, at, or above recommendation

Bar graph showing the estimated percent of persons below, at, or above their nuts, seeds, and soy recommendation.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.24 Empty calories: Estimated percent of persons below, at, or above limits

Bar graph showing the estimated percent of persons below, at, or above their empty calories limit.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010

Figure D1.25 Fruit: Mean intakes over time (2001-04 vs. 2007-10) by age/sex group

Bar graph showing mean fruit intakes by age and sex for 2001 to 2004 versus 2007 to 2010.

*p<.05
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2001-2004 and 2007-2010

Figure D1.26 Vegetables: Mean intakes over time (2001-04 vs. 2007-10) by age/sex group

Bar graph showing mean vegetables intakes by age and sex for 2001 to 2004 versus 2007 to 2010.

*p<.05
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2001-2004 and 2007-2010

Figure D1.27 Whole grains: Mean intakes over time (2001-04 vs. 2007-10) by age/sex group

Bar graph showing mean whole grains intakes by age and sex for 2001 to 2004 versus 2007 to 2010.

*p<.05
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2001-2004 and 2007-2010

Figure D1.28 Refined grains: Mean intakes over time (2001-04 vs. 2007-10) by age/sex group

Bar graph showing mean refined grains intakes by age and sex for 2001 to 2004 versus 2007 to 2010.

*p<.05
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2001-2004 and 2007-2010

Figure D1.29 Dairy: Mean intakes over time (2001-04 vs. 2007-10) by age/sex group

Bar graph showing mean dairy intakes by age and sex for 2001 to 2004 versus 2007 to 2010.

*p<.05
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2001-2004 and 2007-2010

Figure D1.30 Protein Foods: Mean intakes over time (2001-04 vs. 2007-10) by age/sex group

Bar graph showing mean protein foods intakes by age and sex for 2001 to 2004 versus 2007 to 2010.

*p<.05
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2001-2004 and 2007-2010

Figure D1.31 Added sugars intakes in 2001-04 and 2007-10 by age/sex groups in comparison to added sugars limits in the USDA Food Patterns

Bar graph showing added sugars intakes in 2001 to 2004 and 2007 to 2010 by age and sex, in comparison to added sugars limits in the USDA Food Patterns.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2001-2004 and 2007-2010

Figure D1.32 Percent of Total intake from mixed dishes

Bar graph showing percent of food group/subgroup and nutrients of concern intake from mixed dishes in comparison to percent of total energy intake from mixed dishes.

Note: Bars in lighter shades are for subgroups that “break out” the food group above them.
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2009-2010

Figure D1.33 Percent of Energy Intake from Major food categories

Pie chart showing percent of energy intake from major food categories, and subcategories of mixed dishes, in 2009 to 2010.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2009-2010

Figure D1.34 Food sources Saturated Fat

Pie chart showing percent of saturated fat intake from major food categories, and subcategories of mixed dishes, in 2009 to 2010.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2009-2010

Figure D1.35 Food Sources of Sodium

Pie chart showing percent of sodium intake from major food categories, and subcategories of mixed dishes, in 2009 to 2010.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2009-2010

Figure D1.36 Food Sources of Added Sugars

Pie chart showing percent of added sugars intake from major food categories, and subcategories of beverages, in 2009 to 2010.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2009-2010

Figure D1.37 Caffeine sources by age group

Bar graph showing caffeine sources from food and beverage categories by age group, in 2009 to 2010.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2009-2010

Figure D1.38 Percent of beverage energy from various beverages, all persons 2+

Pie chart showing percent of beverage energy from various beverages for all persons over the age of 2 years.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2009-2010

Figure D1.39 Number of meals reported per day by age/sex group

Bar graph showing the percent of each age and sex group consuming 3, 2, or 1 meals per day.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2009-2010

Figure D1.40 Percent of total daily intake of nutrients of concern from each eating occasion, for the population 2+

Bar graph showing the percent of total daily intake of nutrients of concern from breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks, in comparison to the percent of energy from that eating occasion, for individuals over the age of 2 years.

Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2009-2010

Figure D1.41 Percent of calories by where food was obtained and consumed

Bar graphs showing percent of calories by where food was obtained and consumed in 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2009, and 2009-2010.

Darker shading indicates food eaten at home; lighter shading indicates food eaten away from home.
FS = Full Service (sit-down service); QS = Quick Service (fast food, food trucks, etc.)
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010

Figure D1.42 Fruit group density: cups per 1000 calories by where obtained, over time (2003-04 to 2009-10) in comparison to the 2010 HEI standard per 1000 calories for the fruit group.

Line graph showing fruit group density in cups per 1000 calories by where obtained, in 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2009, and 2009-2010, compared to the 2010 HEI standard per 1000 calories for the fruit group.

Restaurant = Full Service (sit-down service); Quick Serve = (fast food, food trucks, etc.)
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010

Figure D1.43 Vegetable density: cups per 1000 calories by where obtained, over time (2003-04 to 2009-10) in comparison to the 2010 HEI standard per 1000 calories for the vegetable group

Line graph showing vegetable group density in cups per 1000 calories by where obtained, in 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2009, and 2009-2010, compared to the 2010 HEI standard per 1000 calories for the vegetable group.

Restaurant = Full Service (sit-down service); Quick Serve = (fast food, food trucks, etc.)
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010

Figure D1.44 Vegetable subgroup density: cups per 1000 calories by where obtained, over time (2003-04 to 2009-10)

Line graph showing starchy vegetable and other vegetable subgroup density in cups per 1000 calories by where obtained, in 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2009, and 2009-2010.

Restaurant = Full Service (sit-down service); Quick Serve = (fast food, food trucks, etc.)
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010

Figure D1.45 Dairy group density: cups per 1000 calories by where obtained, over time (2003-04 to 2009-10) in comparison to the 2010 HEI standard per 1000 calories for the dairy group

Line graph showing dairy group density in cups per 1000 calories by where obtained, in 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2009, and 2009-2010, compared to the 2010 HEI standard per 1000 calories for the dairy group.

Restaurant = Full Service (sit-down service); Quick Serve = (fast food, food trucks, etc.)
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010

Figure D1.46 Grain group density (whole and refined): ounce eqs per 1000 calories by where obtained over time (2003-04 to 2009-10) in comparison to the 2010 HEI standard per 1000 calories for the whole grains and limit for refined grains.

Line graphs showing whole grain and refined grains density in ounce equivalents per 1000 calories by where obtained, in 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2009, and 2009-2010, compared to the 2010 HEI standard per 1000 calories for whole grains and the limit for refined grains.

Restaurant = Full Service (sit-down service); Quick Serve = (fast food, food trucks, etc.)
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010

Figure D1.47 Protein Foods Group density: ounce eqs per 1000 calories by where obtained, over time (2001-04 vs. 2007-10) in comparison to the 2010 HEI standard per 1000 calories for the protein foods group.

Line graph showing protein foods group density in ounce equivalents per 1000 calories by where obtained, in 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2009, and 2009-2010, compared to the 2010 HEI standard per 1000 calories for the protein foods group.

Restaurant = Full Service (sit-down service); Quick Serve = (fast food, food trucks, etc.)
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010

Figure D1.48 Sodium density: milligrams per 1000 calories by where obtained, over time (2003-04 to 2009-10) in comparison to the 2010 HEI limit per 1000 calories for sodium.

Line graph showing sodium density in milligrams per 1000 calories by where obtained, in 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2009, and 2009-2010, compared to the 2010 HEI limit per 1000 calories for sodium.

Restaurant = Full Service (sit-down service); Quick Serve = (fast food, food trucks, etc.)
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010

Figure D1.49 Saturated fat density: percent of energy by where obtained, over time (2003-04 to 2009-10), in comparison to the 2010 DGA limit for saturated fat as a percent of energy.

Line graph showing saturated fat density as a percent of energy by where obtained, in 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2009, and 2009-2010, compared to the 2010 DGA limit for saturated fat as a percent of energy.

Restaurant = Full Service (sit-down service); Quick Serve = (fast food, food trucks, etc.)
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010

Figure D1.50 Empty calorie density: calories per 1000 calories by where obtained, over time (2003-04 to 2009-10), in comparison to the HEI limit for empty calories per 1000 calories.

Line graph showing empty calorie density as calories per 1000 calories by where obtained, in 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2009, and 2009-2010, compared to the HEI limit for empty calories per 1000 calories.

Restaurant = Full Service (sit-down service); Quick Serve = (fast food, food trucks, etc.)
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010

Figure D1.51 Added sugars density: Added sugars per 1000 calories by where obtained, over time (2003-04 to 2009-10)

Line graph showing added sugars density as teaspoons of added sugars per 1000 calories by where obtained, in 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2009, and 2009-2010.

Restaurant = Full Service (sit-down service); Quick Serve = (fast food, food trucks, etc.)
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010

Figure D1.52 Solid fats density: Solid fats per 1000 calories by where obtained, over time (2003-04 to 2009-10)

Line graph showing solid fats density as grams of solid fats per 1000 calories by where obtained, in 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2009, and 2009-2010.

Restaurant = Full Service (sit-down service); Quick Serve = (fast food, food trucks, etc.)
Source: What We Eat in America, NHANES2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010

Figure D1.53 Trends in overweight and obesity, Males and Females ages 20+.

Area graphs showing percent of males and females over the age of 20 who were overweight and obese during time periods between 1988 and 2012.

Source: Fryar, CD, Carroll, MD, Ogden, CL. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Adults: United States, 1960–1962 Through 2011–2012. CDC/NCHS, the Health E-Stat, September 2014

Figure D1.54 Trends in overweight and obesity, Boys and Girls ages 2-19.

Area graphs showing percent of males and females age 2 to 19 who were overweight and obese during time periods between 1988 and 2012..

Source: Fryar, CD, Carroll, MD, Ogden, CL. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Children and Adolescents: United States, 1963–1965 Through 2011–2012. CDC/NCHS, the Health E-Stat, September 2014

Figure D1.55 Prevalence and number of CVD risk factors by weight category, among adults 18 years and older, NHANES 2007-10.

Bar graph showing percent of adults over age 18, by weight category, who had one, two, or three or more CVD risk factors in 2007 to 2010.

Note: Risk factors included: total diabetes, total hypertension, total dislipidemia, and self reported smoking
Source: Saydah S, Bullard KM, Cheng Y, Ali MK, Gregg EW, Geiss L, et al. Trends in cardiovascular disease risk factors by obesity level in adults in the United States, NHANES 1999-2010. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014.

Figure D1.56 Vegetable intake (g/1000 calories) in dietary patterns identified as having health benefits, in comparison to usual vegetable intake by adults, NHANES 2007-2010, and to amounts in the USDA Food Patterns for adults.

Chart showing vegetable intake in grams per 1000 calories in dietary patterns identified as having health benefits, compared to adults' usual vegetable intake in 2007 to 2010 and to amounts in the USDA Food Patterns for adults.

Source: USDA Food Patterns, What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010, articles identified in table D1.31.

Figure D1.57 Fruit intake (g/1000 calories) in dietary patterns identified as having health benefits, in comparison to usual fruit intake by adults, NHANES 2007-2010, and to amounts in the USDA Food Patterns for adults.

Chart showing fruit intake in grams per 1000 calories in dietary patterns identified as having health benefits, compared to adults' usual fruit intake in 2007 to 2010 and to amounts in the USDA Food Patterns for adults.

Source: USDA Food Patterns, What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010, articles identified in table D1.31.

Figure D1.58 Dairy intake (g/1000 calories) in dietary patterns identified as having health benefits, in comparison to usual dairy intake by adults, NHANES 2007-2010, and to amounts in the USDA Food Patterns for adults.

Chart showing dairy intake in grams per 1000 calories in dietary patterns identified as having health benefits, compared to adults' usual dairy intake in 2007 to 2010 and to amounts in the USDA Food Patterns for adults.

Source: USDA Food Patterns, What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010, articles identified in table D1.31

Figure D1.59 Red and processed meat intake (g/1000 calories) in dietary patterns identified as having health benefits, in comparison to usual red and processed meat intake by adults, NHANES 2007-2010, and to amounts in the USDA Food Patterns for adults.

Chart showing red and processed meat intake in grams per 1000 calories in dietary patterns identified as having health benefits, compared to adults' usual red and processed meat intake in 2007 to 2010 and to amounts in the USDA Food Patterns for adults.

Source: USDA Food Patterns, What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010, articles identified in table D1.31

Figure D1.60 Seafood intake (g/1000 calories) in dietary patterns identified as having health benefits, in comparison to usual seafood intake by adults, NHANES 2007-2010, and to amounts in the USDA Food Patterns for adults.

Chart showing seafood intake in grams per 1000 calories in dietary patterns identified as having health benefits, compared to adults' usual seafood intake in 2007 to 2010 and to amounts in the USDA Food Patterns for adults.

Source: USDA Food Patterns, What We Eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010, articles identified in table D1.31

Figure D1.61 Average HEI-2010 component scores for Americans by age group, 2009-10, as a percent of the total possible score for each component.

Bar graph showing average HEI-2010 component scores for Americans by age group in 2009 to 2010, as a percent of the total possible score for each component.

Source: HEI scores for Americans by age group, What We Eat in America, NHANES 2009-10 Appendix E2.x. Average Healthy Eating Index-2010 Scores for Americans ages 2 years and older

Figure D1.62 Intake from Protein Foods subgroups by self-identified vegetarians in comparison to non-vegetarian and to amounts in USDA Food Pattern at 2000 calories.

Bar graph showing intake from Protein Foods subgroups by self-identified vegetarians in 2007 to 2010, compared to non-vegetarians and to amounts in the 2000 calorie USDA Food Pattern.

Source: Juan, WY, S. Yamini, P. Britten (2014) Food intake patterns of self-identified vegetarians among the U.S. population, 2007-2010. 38th Nutrient Data Bank Conference, May 2014 http://www.nutrientdataconf.org/PastConf/NDBC38/NNDC38_PosterAbstracts.pdf [PDF - 410 KB]

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