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Expanding the Reach and Impact of
Consumer e-Health Tools

June 2006

Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion logo

Table of Contents
Executive Summary (Stand-Alone)
Acknowledgments
Preface: A Vision of e-Health Benefits for All
Executive Summary
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Mapping Diversity to Understand Users’ Requirements for e-Health Tools
Chapter 3. Assessing the Evidence Base for e-Health Tools for Diverse Users
Chapter 4. Strategic Factors in Realizing the Potential of e-Health
Chapter 5. Partnerships for Meaningful Access
Conclusion
Appendix 1. Environmental Scan of 40 e-HealthTools
Appendix 2. Project Interviewees, Experts Consulted, and Reviewers
Appendix 3. Chapter 3 Literature Review Summary
References

< Back to Appendix 4 (Heart Disease and Stroke)

Appendix 4. A Comparison of Internet Use and Health Status of Populations That Experience Health Disparities (Part 7)

6. Moderate/Vigorous Physical Activity

6.1 Race and Ethnicity

Rates of moderate/vigorous physical activity are slightly lower for racial and ethnic minority populations compared to nonminority populations (Figure 32). Internet use for racial and ethnic minorities, with the exception of Asians or Pacific Islanders, is also lower compared to nonminorities (Figure 31).

Figure 31

Figure 31 depicts data for the following eight racial/ethnic groups: (1) American Indian/Native American, (2) Asian or Pacific Islander, (3) Black or African American, (4) White, (5) Hispanic or Latino, (6) Not Hispanic or Latino, (7) Not Hispanic or Latino, Black or African American, and (8) Not Hispanic or Latino, White. Figure 31 compares percentage of individuals from different racial and ethnic populations that go online to access the Internet/WWW or to send/receive email and shows that Not Hispanic or Latino Blacks or African Americans (46.4%), Blacks or African Americans (46.7%), American Indians/Native Americans (52.4%), and Hispanics or Latinos (58.0%), have lower rates of Internet use compared to Asians or Pacific Islanders (74.3%), Whites (60.5%), Not Hispanic or Latino Whites (60.5%), and Not Hispanics or Latinos (59.3%).d

Source: Pew Internet & American Life Project’s Daily Internet Tracking Survey,
2002–2003


Figure 32

Figure 32 depicts data for the following eight racial/ethnic groups: (1) American Indian/Native American, (2) Asian or Pacific Islander, (3) Black or African American, (4) White, (5) Hispanic or Latino, (6) Not Hispanic or Latino, (7) Not Hispanic or Latino, Black or African American, and (8) Not Hispanic or Latino, White.  The figure compares rates of moderate and/or vigorous physical activity by race and ethnicity and shows that Not Hispanic or Latino Whites (35%), Not Hispanics or Latinos (33%), and Whites (33%) have higher rates than American Indians/Native Americans (29%), Asians or Pacific Islanders (28%), Blacks or African Americans (25%), Not Hispanic or Latino Blacks or African Americans (25%), and Hispanics or Latinos (21%).d

Source: CDC Wonder. DATA2010…the Healthy People 2010 Database.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, January 2004

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6.2 Gender

Large differences do not appear to exist between males and females in moderate/physical activity (Figure 34). Differences in Internet use do not appear to differ largely between males and females (Figure 33).

Figure 33

Figure 33 compares percentage of individuals by gender who go online to access the Internet/WWW or to send/receive email and shows that more males (61.6%) use the Internet than females (56.7%).d

Source: Pew Internet & American Life Project's Daily Internet Tracking Survey,
2002-2003


Figure 34

Figure 34 compares rates of moderate and/or vigorous physical activity by gender and shows that the percentage for males (35%) is greater than for females (29%).d

Source: CDC Wonder. DATA2010…the Healthy People 2010 Database.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, January 2004

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6.3 Education Level

Rates of moderate/vigorous physical activity increase with higher levels of education, as do rates of Internet use (Figures 35 and 36). Less educated persons have lower rates of physical activity and Internet use compared to more educated persons.

Figure 35

Figure 35 compares percentage of individuals by education level who go online to access the Internet/WWW or to send/receive email and shows that individuals with lower education levels (7.1% with less than 9th grade, 28.6% grades 9-11, and 46.5% high school graduate) have lower rates of Internet use compared to individuals with higher education levels (70% with at least some college and 83.1% college graduate or above).d

Source: Pew Internet & American Life Project's Daily Internet Tracking Survey,
2002-2003


Figure 36

Figure 36 compares rates of moderate and/or vigorous physical activity by education level and shows that college graduates or above (42%) and individuals with at least some college (33%) have greater rates than high school graduates (26%), individuals with 9th- to 11th-grade education (19%), and those with less than a 9th-grade education (14%).d

Source: CDC Wonder. DATA2010…the Healthy People 2010 Database.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, January 2004

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